6s Launcher

Launcher 6s

With version 3 Launcher now has by far the most powerful widgets in the App Store. SA-6 launchers in Angola'a were all destroyed in a South African pre-emptive strike in Operation Protea. sspan class="mw-headline" id="Development">Entwicklung[edit] 2K12 "Kub" (Russian: 2? "??

?"; English: cube) (NATO report name: SA-6 "Gainful") is a low to medium-size anti-aircraft system for the protection of airborne troops against aerial attacks.... Every 2K12 mixer is made up of a series of similar trackside craft, one of which, in conjunction with an optic visor, also bears the 25 kW G/H Straight Flush 1S91 surveillance system (with a 75 km range) fitted with a permanent light.

As a rule, the batteries also include four three-rocket carrier rocket launcher (TEL) and four lorries, each of which carries three replacement rockets and a cranea. TEL is a GM-578 base, while the 1S91 radars are a GM-568 base, all MMZ engineered and made. Besides NIIP, several other engineering offices were engaged in the development of the Kub rocket system, among them Mytishchi Machine-Building Plant, which engineered and manufactured the body of the self-propelled component.

At the end of 1959, first tests with the rocket system were begun in order to detect a number of problems: low performance for the rocket searcher and poorly constructed bow cones, loss of rocket intakes, poor weld integrity of the post-combustion heat screen (titanium was substituted by steel).

Prior to 1963, only 11 of 83 rockets launched with the search unit were fitted, only 3 were successfully launched. In 1971, after the chief engineer Ardalion Rastov had travelled to Egypt to see Kub in operation[4], he opted for the design of a new system named Buk, in which each TEL should have its own fire guidance system (TELAR) and be able to simultaneously detect more than one target from several avenues.

2K12 system divides many parts with 2K11 jug (SA-4) system. 2K11 works at long distances and high altitude, 2K12 at mid-range distances and mid-range heights. With the 1S91 "?????????? ? ???????? ? ? ?????????" (SPRGU - "Self-propelled Reconnaissance and Guidance Unit " / NATO: "Straight Flush" radar), the system is able to detect and track objectives at 75 km (47 mi) and start lighting and guiding at 28 km (17 mi).

The IFF is also carried out with this type of radars. First of all, the rocket is controlled by means of Passenger Control Unit Semi-Active Radar Harmony (SARH), with aiming light provided by Straight Flush radars. The latest versions also feature an optic system for monitoring the car, which allows intervention without the use of radars (for the sake of radio -frequency emission or due to strong ECM interference), with the actual height restricted to 14 km.

The maximum velocity of the rocket is about Mach 2.8. Unlike the sophisticated Patriot rocket or even the more simple Hawk system used by the U.S. Armed Services, most systems run on two self-propelled tracks instead of being pulled or assembled on lorries, and either the launcher or steering craft can be adjusted to start in just 15 min after a change of position.

These relatively large rockets have an actual cruising distance of 4-24 km (2. 5-15 miles) and an actual height of 50-14,000 metres (164-45,931 ft). Weight of launcher 599 kg (1,321 lb) and head of war 56 kg (123 lb). The maximum velocity of the spacecraft is Mach 2.8. 9D16K contained a solids jet engine which, when burnt out, formed the combustor for a ram jet engine in a groundbreaking configuration that was far ahead of its contemporary counterparts in power.

This rocket was equipped with a semi-active detector type OSB4, which was developed by MNII Agat and could follow the aim from the beginning with Dopplerfrequenz. Subsequent updates (3M9M3 rockets) could do this before launch. 1977 was developed a new release, the 3M9M1 (DoD-named SA-6B ), with three rockets on a different frame (such as that of the 9K37 "Buk" (NATO report name "Gadfly" / SA-11 DoD), the 2K12 efficient replacement) with an integral "Fire Dome" steering wheel.

See the 9K37 book record for comparison between the 2K12, 9K37. A previous, scalable upgrading included replacing the 2K12 rockets with the 2K12E version, and this system was known as Kvadrat ("???????", which means square). The name was taken from the most commonly used layout patterns of 2K12 compound army vessels, with the 1S91 central radars and 4x2P25-TELs at the corners of a rectangle around the radars.

Car 1S91 contained two radars - a 1S11 targeting and scattering radars and a 1S31 permanent beam light, as well as an IFF interrogation head and an optic canal. In order to reduce the car's elevation, the center barrel could be hidden inside the drive.

Detection distance of radars was recorded as 50 km (31 mi) for Phantom II finish. 1S91 car with a 4-passenger crews had a gross tonnage of 20. Three tons and 2P25 car with three rockets and a 3-person garrison was 19. The 2K12 can also be used at regiment levels, but when used as such, it can be complemented by a number of supplementary airborne advanced detection radars at greater distances and lower altitudes to complement the 1S91 Straight Flush.

Spoon Rest ", a FM early morning alarm system (also used by SA-2), with a 200 kilometre reach (120 miles). The P-40 "Long Track", an E-band early-barning radar (also used by SA-4 and SA-8), with a 370 -kilometer (230-mile) operating distance. The P-15 "Flat Face A", a UHF early detection system (also used by the SA-3) with a 150 km (93 miles) coverage.

Spoon Rest " and "Thin Skin" are installed on a lorry, "Long Track" on a chain car (a AT-T modified) and "Flat Face" on a transporter. The 2K12 cannot follow airplanes at high altitude without the P-40 "Long Track" portable radars. 2K12 has put a lot of strain on the slow A-4 Skyhawk and even the F-4 Phantom and formed a shield until they could be out.

Aeroplane Israel radars did not warn the pilots that they were being lit by them. The 2K12 was not such a big menace after the reprogramming of the ramps and changes in strategy, but still resulted in severe casualties for Israel. A part of a Syrian SA-6 near the Beirut-Damascus motorway and with a view of the Beqaa valley, early 1982.

In 1981 the Syrians also used the SA-6 in Lebanon after the Israelis had fired down Sirius helidecks at Zahlé. At the beginning of the Lebanon Civil war in 1982, the Israel Air Force focused on the suppression of the SAM menace in the Beqaa Valley and launched Operation Mole Cricket 19. A number of SA-6 and SA-2 and SA-3 SA cells were damaged in a year.

August 19, 2003, a Su-22M4K air force from Poland was inadvertently fired by its own fire during an excercise with a SA-6 accumulator from Poland. Used by Libya during the Chad frontier conflict, the system posed a menace to France's planes, which on 7 January 1987 successfully destroyed an SA-6 radars site in the Faya Largeau area with SEPECAT jaguars and Martel antiradiation rockets.

Aerial defence in Libya, such as SA-6 battery, was actively deployed during the 2011 army operation in Libya. "Seitennetz " altitude finder radars. The P-40 "Long Track" early alert radars. SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub - Targeted Medium-Range Missile Defence System - History, Data and Images - Armoured Forces, Vehicles and Artillery".

Returned 2013-11-01-01. Bounced 2012-08-15. SA-6 GAINFUL" (in Russian). pvo.guns.ru. Returns 2008-11-19. Bounced 2008-08-23. Integrating the sparrows with SA-6. Returned on November 14, 2014. 2K12 Kub Upgrade for the Polish Army at the MSPO 2007 Defense Exhibition". www.armyrecognition.com. Upgrading of the system archived on November 1, 2009 at Wayback Machine. ^ RETIA, a.s. ^ RETIA, a.s., a CZ based firm.

replaced - three fatal finger - the Surface to Air Missile (SAM) System 2K12 KUB at RETIA, a.s. ^ C Kopp. "{\a6} 3M9ME Winful SAM start from TEL". Returned on November 14, 2014. SA-6 equipment: Returned on May 20, 2017. Returned on January 1, 2016. Brought back on July 31, 2009. Bounced 2012-11-07.

Air and missile wars and weapons of mass destruction". Archives from the originals on 3 November 2013. Returned on November 1, 2013. Returned on November 1, 2013. Returned on November 14, 2014. Bounced 2012-08-15. Returned on 19 May 2011. Returned on November 14, 2014. Bounced 2012-08-15. Returned 2013-11-01-01. Brought back on April 23, 2018. Returned on November 14, 2014.

Returned on May 20, 2016. Returned on November 14, 2014. Returned on August 7, 2017. Commons Wikimedia has related 2K12 Kub newsletters.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema