Machine

engine

Machine (or mechanical device) uses electricity to apply forces and control motion to perform an intended action. A machine, device with a unique purpose, which complements or replaces the performance of man or animal to perform physical tasks. class="mw-headline" id="Etymologie">Etymologie[edit] Machine (or mechanic device) uses electricity to generate force and direct motion to carry out an intentional operation. Machinery can be powered by animal and human beings, by nature powers such as winds and waters, and by chemicals, heat or electricity, and includes a system of mechanism that forms the drive to accomplish a particular task of initial force and motion.

It can also contain computer and sensor devices that track power and schedule motion, often referred to as mechanic devices. State-of-the-art equipment is a set of sophisticated structures consisting of structurelements, mechanics and controls, with user-friendly interface. For example, a broad spectrum of cars, ships and aircraft, household and business equipment, HVAC and treatment equipment, agricultural equipment, machine tool and plant safety equipment and robotics.

Through the Middle French the British machine comes from the Lateinisches machina,[2] which in turn comes from the Greeks (Doric ????? machana, ironic ????? makhane "contrivance, machine, engine",[3] a derivative of www. mekho' means, necessedient, remedy'[4]). 5 ] The information mechanically (Greek: ?????????) liquid body substance from the Lappic Grecian form. Also in the seventeenth and seventeenth centuries, the term could mean a schema or an action, a significance that is now reflected in the derivative machine.

Machine or motor, in mechanics, whatever hash force is enough to either lift or stop the movement of a human being..... Straightforward machines are generally referred to as Six in Number, i.e. the balance, the leaver, the pulley, the wheel, the wedge and the screw..... Composite machines, or engines, are countless. Motor, used both by Harris as a (near) synonym and in the later languages, is derived from the old French genius "ingenuity, an invention".

Produced by cutting flints into a gib, the manual ax converts the power and motion of the tools into a transversal fission power and motion of the work piece in the person's own hand. Around the third millennium BC, the concept of a machine was conceived by the ancient Greeks philosophy professor Archimedes, who learned the basic techniques of Archimedes: levers, pulleys and screws.

6 ][7] Archimedes found the concept of the mechanic edge in the leverage. Late Greeks used to define the classical five easy machinery (without the tilted plane) and could rough estimate their mechanic use. 10-75 A.D.) in his work Mechanics names five mechanics that can put a weight into action; levers, windlasses, pulleys, wedges and screws[7] and explains their manufacture and use.

However, the Greek comprehension was restricted to static (the equilibrium of forces) and contained neither the dynamic (the compromise between strength and distance) nor the notion of work. In 1782 James Watt patent his paralleling drive rod, which made the double-acting steamer work. 13 ] The Boulton and Watt engines and later the driven engines, steamboats and mills.

Basic machinery provides a "vocabulary" for better comprehension of more sophisticated machinery. It was the notion that a machine could be broken down into single moving parts that prompted archimedes to classify levers, pulleys and screws as single machinery. State-of-the-art machine characterization focuses on the motion -enabling motion - component called the joint.

Wedges are machines that convert the radial forces and movements of the tools into cross cutting forces and movements of the part. Available performance is restricted by the exertion of the individual using the tools, but since performance is the result of strength and motion, the key increases strength by decreasing motion.

The gain or mechanic benefit is the relationship of the inlet to outlet speeds. Levers are another important and easy way to manage energy. However, since the velocities of a point further from the fulcrum are greater than the velocities of a point near the fulcrum, those far from the fulcrum are increased in the vicinity of the fulcrum by the associated reduction in velocities.

When a is the spacing from the fulcrum to the point where the entry load is exerted and a is the spacing to the point where the exit load is exerted, then a/b is the mechanic benefit of the leverage. Clearly the bike is an important early machine, like the car.

In order to see that the frictions associated with drawing a weight on the floor are approximately the same as the frictions in a single support carrying the weight on the axis of a bicycle. Basic machinery is an example of a basic chain or joint kinematics that can be used to represent a system from a steamer to a robotic manipulator.

Those pivoting pivots of a pivot that allow the wheels, axles and belt wheels to turn are typical example of a cinematic couple known as a hinge link. Similarly, the planar face of an oblique plain and a key are samples of the cinematic couple known as the slip hinge.

As a rule, the bolt is referred to as its own cinematic couple, which is referred to as the bolt connection. State-of-the-art machinery is a system comprising (i) a energy supply and final control elements that produce force and motion, (ii) a system of mechanism that forms the final control element inlet to provide a unique set of outputs and motion, (iii) a control system with transducers that compares the outlet to a target and then controls the final control element inlet, and (iv) an user interfacing system comprising controls, buttons and indicators.

You can see this in the Watt vapour machine (see figure), where the capacity is provided by vapour expansion to propel the flask. Stroke beams, clutch and crankshaft convert the reciprocating motion of the pistons into a rotary motion of the driven roller. Eventually, the belt wheel rotary unit powers the fly ball regulator, which regulates the valves for supplying vapour to the plunger cylinders.

A " mechanic " means the ability to apply an artistic or scientific term in practice, and the relationship to or induced by motion, force, property, or action as treated by mechanism. 19 ] Merriam-Webster Dictionary[20] also classifies "mechanical" as machines or molds. Influencing the machine allows you to better grasp the capabilities of equipment that ranges from lever arms and transmissions to cars and robot robots.

Franz Reuleaux[21], a mechanic from Germany, wrote: "A machine is a collection of robust objects placed in such a way that, by their means, the natural force of mechanics can be forced to carry out work associated with a particular movement. "Note that force and movement are combined to create force. Recently, Uicker et al.[18] found that a machine is "a machine for generating energy or for altering its direction".

" Mr McCarthy and Mr Soh[22] describe a machine as a system that "generally comprises an energy resource and a control system for the use of that energy. "Humane and brutal exertion were the initial energy resources for early machinery. Nature powers such as winds and hydroelectric energy operated large scale mechanic sys-tems.

Around 300 B.C., hydraulic wheels began to appear all over the globe to produce rotating motions with running waters, which were used to grind cereals, to propel sawn timber, for processing and for processing textiles. In turn, this electrical power is used to power engines, which are the final control elements of mechanic control units. Motor: The term motor is derived from "ingenuity" and initially related to inventions that may or may not be physically made.

Refer to Merriam-Webster's motor definitions. Boiling hot air is used by a pressurized tank to cook the hot air in a pressurized tank; the expanded vapour is used to drive a reciprocating pump or pump. It is referred to as an internal combustion motor. Warmth from burning carbon and methane in a boilers produces vapour that powers a vapour turbo to turn an electrical alternator.

It is a type of biogas production facility that uses the energy from a gas -fired atomic energy source to produce electricity and electricity. Electrical motor use either AC or DC electrical currents to produce rotary motion. Electrical servo drives are the final control elements for mechanic applications that range from robot based applications to advanced aircrafts. Hydraulic and pneumatical fluid control technology: Hydraulic and pneumatical fluid control technology uses electrical powered pumping equipment to propel fluid or compressed oxygen to move the fluid in a cylinder or to move the fluid in a cylinder.

Mechanisms of a mechanic system consist of parts known as machine parts. It is these features that form the system's framework and regulate its motion. In general, the main parts of the structures are the frames, bearing, gearing, spring, gaskets, fastenings and coverings. Form, colour and surface finish of the coverings form a design and functional link between the system and its user.

Subassemblies that regulate motion are also known as "mechanisms". "24 ][25] Machinery is generally classed as sprockets and gearboxes, which include drive belts and chains, cams and followers, and linkage, although there are other specific machinery such as clamp linkage, shifting mechanism, escapement, and body drag such as brake and clutch.

Several machine parts offer important features such as frames, bearing, gearing, springs and sealing. Recognizing that the framework of a machine is an important machine component, the name three-rod rod was renamed to four-rod rod. The bearing is a component developed to control the intersection between movable parts and is the cause of frictions in machinery.

Generally, the bearing is intended for purely rotational or linear motion. Spring elements provide force that either holds machine parts in place or serves as a mount to carry part of a machine. Gaskets are used between the counterparts of a machine to make sure that liquids such as moisture, gas or lubricants do not escape between the counterfaces.

Controls integrate sensor, logical and actuator technologies to sustain the power of a machine's component. Maybe the best known is the fly ball regulator for a steamer machine. These include a throttle that opens a thermostatic valve as the ambient air gets hotter, coolant, and variable regulating valves such as those in an automobile's tempomat.

Stored program controls replace relay and special controls with a computer program. Servo motors that precisely locate a wave in reaction to an electric signal are the final controlling elements that enable robot sys-tems. In 1837 Charles Babbage developed a machine for tabulating logs and other features. Its differential machine can be regarded as an advance mechanic pocket computer and its analysis machine is a precursor of the computer of today, although none was ever constructed by Babbage during his time.

Arithmetic and comptometry are mechanic computer that are the forerunners of today's computer. Modeling used to investigate advanced computing is called state machine and Turing machine. Automated is the use of management and information technology to minimize the need for manual labor in the manufacture of goods and related activities.

While mechanisation provides the operator with machines to support him in the muscle demands of work, mechanisation also significantly reduces the need for sensorial and psychological demands. Nowadays, the field of mechanism relates to the arithmetic analyses of the powers and movements of a mechanic system and comprises the investigation of the kinetics and dynamic of these different types of system.

Formulating and solving rigid-body dynamical problems is an important instrument in the computer simulations of mechanic sys-tems. Dynamical machine analyses require the definition of the motion or kinetics of its individual parts, the so-called kinetic analyses. Assuming that the system is an arrangement of fixed constituents, it is possible to model rotation and translation movements as Euclidean or fixed transforms.

Machinery styling relates to the processes and technologies used to manage the three stages of a machine's life cycle: invention, which comprises the identifying of a need, developing needs, designing concepts, prototyping, manufacture and verifying tests; performing mechanical engineering, which comprises increasing production efficiencies, lowering servicing and servicing needs, addition of functions and improvement of efficiencies, and validating tests; recycling, which is the stage of closure and waste management, which comprises the recycling and re-use of material and component.

It'?s a story of mechanical inventions. The HMM2004 International Symposium on the Historical Development of Machinery and Mechanisms. Controlling machinery with rubbing. Skip up ^ Pennock, G. R., James Watt (1736-1819), Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science, ed. Skipar, F. C., The Reuleaux Collection of Kinematic Mechanisms at Cornell University, 1999 Archiviert 2015-05-18 at the Wayback Machine, Springen Sie auf ^ Moon, F. C., The Reuleaux Collection of Kinematic Mechanisms at Cornell University.

Skip to top ^ Hartenberg, R.S. & J. Denavit (1964) Cinematic synthesis of links Archives 2011-05-19 at the Wayback Machine. Skip to top ^ Merriam-Webster dictionary definition of the 2011-10-20 mechanics archive at the Wayback Machine.

Skip up ^ J. M. McCarthy and G. S. S. Soh, 2010, Geometric Design of Linkages, filed 2016-08-19 at the Wayback Machine. Leapung nach oben ^ "Verbrennungsmotor", Encyclopédie concise des sciences et technologies, troisième édition, Sybil P. Parker, éd. Hop, Springen Sie hoch ^ J. J. Uicker, G. R. Pennock, und J. E. Shigley, 2003, THEY OF MACHINERS and Mechanisms, Oxford University Press, New York.

Leap High ^ Marras, A., Zhou, L., Su, H., and Castro, C.E. programmable movement of DNA Origami mechanism, proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015 filed 2017-08-04 at the Wayback Machine. Skip High ^ McCarthy, C, DNA Origami Machinery and Mechanical Design 101, 2014 Filed 2017-09-18 at the Wayback Machine.

Jerome (1934) gives the machine tool sector the distinction of "other than manual performance". Skip ar, 1929, A. P. Usher, A Historical of Mechanical Inventions Archived 2013-06-02 at the Wayback Machine, Springen Sie hoch ^ A. P. Usher, 1929. Machine manual (26th edition). Kinematics of the machines. Machinery and Mechanism theories. ikimedia Commons has computer related medias.

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