Now and in Time to beTo be now and in time.
1916 by W. B. Yeats - Poems by W. B. Yeats, published at Holy Saturday, 1916
Words that were politely insignificant, words that were politely insignificant, around the fire in the clubs, but they were living where there was a colourful mix of people wearing them: Everything was changing, changing completely: An awful beaut is begotten. For some who are close to me, but I count him in the Lied; In the nonchalant Komödie; also he himself has been altered, completely transformed:
An awful beaut is begotten. Horses coming from the street, from the clouds to the falling clouds, every moment they are changing; changing moment by moment; A horse's foot slips on the edge, and a horse splashes in it; Long-legged grouse plunge, and chickens call for grouse; moment by moment they are living; The rock is in the middle of everything.
Now, and in due course, wherever greens are carried, they are altered, completely altered: An awful beaut is begotten.
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1916 is a verse by W. B. Yeats that describes the poet's divided emotion about the incidents of the Ireland Paschal Rebellion against Britain on Monday 24 April 1916. Most of the Republicans who participated were killed for betrayal. Born between May and September 1916, the verse was first included in the Michael Robartes and the Dancer 1921 anthology.
Although a dedicated member of the nation, Mr Teats generally opposed the use of force as a means of securing Ireland's sovereignty and had therefore put a strain on relationships with some of the personalities who ultimately waged the war. The death of these revolutionaries by the British, however, was as much a blow to Mr Jeats as it was to the then British nation, who had not expected things to turn so badly so quickly.
He worked through his sentiments for the revolution in this verse, and the persistent chorus that "a horrible glory is born" turned out to be foresighted, since the British executed the leader of the Easter Uprising with the opposite effect. These murders revived the Iranian Republikains and did not lead to their dissolution.
The second verse describes the narrators of the Easter Rising and alludes to them without actually naming them. Countess Markievicz, who was known to Yeats and a long-time girlfriend, is the revolutionist described at the opening of the verse. Yeats' descriptions of the three most clearly communicate his disrupted feeling for the Easter Rising.
Contrasting the "shrill" voices of Countess Markievicz as a revolutionist with his memory of her incomparably "sweet" voices when she was a young lady, he contrasted the arrogant person of Perse with his sense of his "sensitive" character and described how "courageous and sweet" his ideal was, although he and MacDonagh had to fall back on "violence".
The verse also shows how Yeats managed to isolate his own personal sentiments toward some of the revolutionaries from the larger Nazi cause the group was persecuting. While Yeats held the three aforementioned leader Republicans in favorable esteem, he disdained Major John MacBride, an alienated spouse of Maud Gonne (who had been the subject of Yeats' romance for several years) who had misused both Gonne and her child during her wedding.
Although MacBride is described in this verse as a "vain lout" (32) who "has done the most evil to those near the hearts of the narrator" (33), Yeats refers him in his praise to those who have fallen down for their polytheistic ideals: This sentence "the Casual Comedy" is full of irony and points to an unnecessarily long lifespan (a point he takes up in a later verse) as well as the pointlessness of the murders.
At the end of the verse, Mr. Cheats emphasizes his repeatedly accused that the Easter Uprising leader's death "gives birth to a horrible beauty" (40). This third verse is different from the first two punches in that it abandons the ego narratives of the "ego" and enters the nature of brooks, flowers and bird life.
Change per minute" (50)) and inserts the icon of the brick that opens and close the verse. In contrast to most of the pictures shown in this verse, of a cloud in motion, a season in flux, a horses foot marked by its transitoriness, the rock is a sign of stability. Comparing the determination of the revolutionary with that of the rock, Jeats's heart is "enchanted by a rock" (43).
Their uniqueness of aim, which led to their final death, broke through the self-satisfaction and apathy of the then daily life of Ireland. It is the last and last verse of the verse that takes up the first personal story of the first and second stories of each of the stories. This verse reverts to the picture of the stone heart:
"For too long a victim/can make a rock out of a heart" (57-8) writes Mr Joseph, placing the resolute fight of the Republican in the Easter Uprising against the background of the long, tumultuous past of UK imperialism in Ireland and referring to the huge psychologic cost of the long fight for freedom.
At the end the storyteller steps back to recall the lives of these dead revolutionaries, namely Thomas MacDonagh, John MacBride, James Connolly and Patrick Pearse, as perpetual champions of the Ireland Republics movements (symbolized by the color green), whereby Jeats adjusts the last chorus to mirror the cost these men were paying to alter the course of Ireland's history:
Now, and in due course, wherever greens are carried, they are altered, completely altered: "To what degree did Jeats agree to praise the members of the Easter Uprising can be seen in his use of "green" (78) to remember these members, although he generally rejects the use of the paint green as a political symbol (Yeats' disgust was so great that he banned green as a color for binding his books).
In memory of the revolutionary name in the last verse in rapturous lament, even that of his beloved Major John MacBride, Yeats conciliated his own feelings of privacy towards some of the people implicated in the greater nationalistic feelings supported and defended by the verse, even if there were revolutionary whose strategy he did not entirely endorse.
He has an interesting view of the historic meaning of his verse and increases the suspense of his film. Revolutions "to be now and in time (77).... are changing, completely changed" (79) - whose wisdom shows Yeats' sharp insights into the historic meaning of his poetry of commemoration of these revolutions.
There are 16 rows (for 1916) in the first and third verse, 24 rows (for the 24th of April, the date when the ascension began) in the second and forth verse, and a further four punches (referring to April, the forth months of the year).