Ocean FarmThe Ocean Farm
Exactly what is Ocean Farmwork? Natural and environmental
These excerpts come from the section "Blue Revolution", in which Ackerman undertakes an oceanic voyage to the cross-section of agriculture and fisheries. "I say mariculture" and think of the picture of a vertically orientated ocean garden when I am climbing into a heavier, swimming, safety-orange work suit that is laid out for longer stretches of time on cool waters.
"Consider it a 3-D agriculture that uses the whole pillar of irrigation to cultivate a wide range of species," says Bren Smith, enclosing his own outfit over a chequered fleece vest and a pair of blue denim trousers, tearing the fangs of knuckle zips and locking the thong. It is only the beginning of his envisioned a sophisticated ecosystem of small, family-run, organically managed and sustainably managed aqua farms along the East Coast - bedded in seaweed - to combat storms while supplying nutrition and power to community life.
He has a slim body with strong armpits and shoulder, a symbol of his rope-creating, cage-guiding craft. We don't expect any stumbling blocks over board, but like some fishermen Bren doesn't float, and the wetsuit provides the necessary heat in strong wind and snowdrifts in the recent canonade of stormy winters. Along the cliffy coast, a young man could find rock yokes, swimmers, anchor bolts, cables, mussels entangled in kelp, shellfish and birds and great stories.
To some extent, 3-D agricultural is rotary agribusiness. Burns eel in winters and springs; reds algae in June and September; shellfish, jacob shells and shellfish all year round; shells in springs and autumn. Well, it'?s true that they caught an oyster. While the mud suffocates the algae, they are dying and begin the gradual consolidation processes with the fossils.
Along with the model Ts, which fell when the Long Island Sound solidified in 1917-1918 and foolish minds tried to drive over it. However, Bren is optimistic and self-confident. Luckily, he was able to pick some shells in the middle of a snow storm just before Blizzard struck Nemo. Seaweed is at least a yield after the hurricane saison.
According to Sandy, he started to plant the Kelps of the Year, and now, in mid-February, he is almost ripe for harvesting. Bren steps in again and we drive to his solar-powered fishermen' vessel, which lies quietly like a small ice-breaker half a kilometer off the coast. Some are crowned by raised, towering, luxurious picture-book buildings with long wood stairs that stretch down to the waters.
Renamed after foxglove berries, not foxglove great sweetness, the Money Iceland clusters include Little Pumpkin, Cut-in-Two Iceland, Mother-in-Law Iceland, Hen Iceland and East Stooping Bush Iceland, among many others - between 100 and 365 (depending on the level of the flood, how one defines an Iceland and if one estimates the concept of an Iceland for each of the days of the year), with about 23 of them being populated by humans in sommer.
Every peninsula is wrapped in its own chat and tattle, also thanks to renowned guests from President Taft to Captain Kidd to Ringling Brothers' Tom Thumb. Since salt waters and rivers are mixed in the mouth of the lake, 170 types of fishs, 1,200 invertebrate types and migrating bird life can be found here.
Bren sees it as a fruitful backyard, frequented in summers by swarms of season visitors and in winters by stormy weather, but one that always produces lives above and below the ground. Today, in the light-breaking winters, with a cold breeze surrounding the waterways, the gardens are ice clear and bright, with a clear breeze that is like a horn signal.
However, fishers have consistently caught the biggest catch, and in the past cable had to pair in smaller sizes to live as a specie. Soon, there will only be small fry left in the ocean. As we have reduced them, we have also redesigned our visions of cable - from a giant that could support an entire household to a small and innocuous one.
To Bren, the whole search for food, the hunter-gatherer mindset has resulted in what he sees as a kind of counterfeiting, minus romanticism, for years. Then I worked on some of the farm sites, but I saw the same kind of farm industry. Wildfishing and pisciculture - none of them were sustained.
"When I landed here in Long Island Sound, there was a move to get young fishers under the age of forty back into fishing. Thought okay, on this 60 hectare ocean parcel, what kind can I pick that will do several things to produce sustaining foods in a good way?
Can I think beyond that and actually recreate the ocean as we farm it and better get out of the planet than we began, but also cultivate great foods? "All of a sudden I realized I was cultivating foods in the most effective and ecologically responsible way - vertical. Seaweed will reach eight to twelve ft in five months.
The whole grocery chain is nutritious. Shells, shellfish and clams supply low-fat proteins and all important vitamins: salt, sugar, magnesium, irons, vitamin B1, omega-3. We have analysed marine vegetable - various types of seaweed - and they produce many different types of vitamin and mineral, nine different types of aminos and omega-3 fatty acid.
Can you really have something known as ocean vegetarianism? Can you? Throughout the Second World War, both the Germans and the British drew up this hunger eradication scheme, which they thought would be a major hazard in the Second World War, and in fact they did all these researches and started to feed seaweed.
On board we scramble, lift the anchors and head for its spot of ocean, a floating expanse as black as sauce. Grey and whitish seagulls screw over us and follow us like every big carnivore, their golden ears chasing small species of small fry billowing to the fore. Brennen opens the cover to unveil a vaulted ceiling with about three hundred giant owls and a mixture of seafood, among them stars, small orange-algae feathers and a chain of round, whitish capsule eggs made of pearl eggs that look like knobs of French horns or the like.
These parasites are not welcome among the butters. They have positioned themselves and will have to await the drowning of the thicks. Seagulls are swimming through the skies as we cast the mussels into flat containers on a wood-top. Today our task is to "roughen" the mussels - not to hurt them, but to strain them so that they make harder peel.
Just as muscle building when trained, the shell of an oyster thickens when thrown by the flood. Unactive algae need movement, just like inactive people do. The power won't increase without war. "Bren, please mix them like bread," Bren says and shows me how. "I stop to take up one of the Thimble Island salts and look at its deep arched shell and gold shade, violet spots, dazzling shine.
Here there are enormous tidal waters and the waters are very salty - ideal for oyster farming, one of the great delights of Brittany. Emil de Montaigne thought the oyster tastes like violet. However, the taste of an oyster differs from place to place, and I have seen some that left an after taste of gherkin or cantaloupe.
We return the roughened mussels to their cages, lower them back into position, turn the boats around and inspect the seaweed hanging from buoy after buoy along a 100-foot line. "On the way to the line," Bren says as he looks at every row of seaweed praying banners hardly seen under the foggy waters.
He lifts it out of the sea with a stitched reddish hooks, and I am amazed to see a long row of wavy seaweed bands, about three inch broad and one meter long, some with weak moistures. Seaweed synthesizes photosynthesis like terrestrial crops, but not only the foliage, but the whole seaweed.
Seaweed (and other algae), a long-established basic nutrient in Asiatic culture, gives deepness to Canada, Britain and the Caribbean. Seaweed is a traditional ingredient in the cuisine of the region. More than any other diet, it hosts most of those found in humans' blood and promotes glandular function, endocrine glands, and cerebral heath. Try a chewable and rather distasteful seaweed kurl, more textured than tasty, but ideal for pasta with noodles made with vegetable oils or in mixed broth, as I have often done in Japan.
The Bren farm sell seaweed and mussels to locals, restaurant owners and cooks in Manhattan. "The seaweed absorbs enormous quantities of CO2 and can be converted into biofuels or readily available fertilizers," Bren says. Seaweed consists of more than 50 per cent sugars.
Ministry of Environment conducted a survey that showed that if you take an area half the size of Maine and grow only seaweed, you can make enough biodiesel to substitute US oils. That's breathtaking! lt waste a great deal of bottled running water, fertiliser and power. However, here you can have a self-contained power farm that does not require freshwater, fertiliser or ventilation and at the same time provides fuels for your people.
This seaweed is grown here for feeding, but you could cultivate it in the Bronx River or in front of wastewater purification facilities, which would help prevent pollution. You could cultivate seaweed for biofuel. However, the reality is that the ocean is not unaffected by man. During 2007, the owner of Ireland's only farmed farm edged up and found hundreds of thousands of farmed Irish smoked jellyfish.
All over the globe, billions of umbrellas, parachutes and bell-shaped jellyfishes have swarmed, attracted by increasing temperature, nutrient-rich farmland run-off and environmental degradation. In semi-transparent camouflage, they creep up on flounders, pollack and other large species preferred by humans and colonise a number of environments where they feed or displace them.
Committed to restoring and protecting the world's seas, Oceana Europe puts the rising number of shrimps at risk from climatic changes and man-made fishing of tunas, marlin and other game. The Tybee Island Ocean Rescue in Georgia, on a Saturday alone, recorded two thousand severe stabs. It is a bubble scale, a larder, a playground, a manor house with lives, a magnificent memory of our roots, a different kind of bodies (waters) and a woman because of her month tide.
Whilst this is horrible for a creature like corals, seashells, oysters scallops and seashells whose limestone scales can become soft and disintegrate, the heat is a great source of heat for sea stars migrating in large quantities further up the coast. Finally, we examine the harvest of the conch, i.e. the back sieving, the pulling from the depth where they fill their net stockings well, the waxing through the grids like glossy dark knobs that are still too small for the harvest.
Yet the amount of nourishment that grows under the surface is unbelievable. Bren's long lines alone carry two tonnes of seaweed. Sitting on a craggy button is a couple of pairs of black kormorants, and Bren gesticulates a welcome. A few month from now the summers will come to feed on sea fruits, visit the marionette theatre, go to sleep with the indistinct sound of the ocean and savour the excitement of coast living and clear waters, with the passage of your hand.