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When the first sturdy photo was taken on canvas in 1826, nobody could have predicted the far-reaching impact of taking photographs on the course of events - and especially on the arts scene. A stunning photo that not only catches and records a brief instant, but also expresses itself through a intricate interaction of motif, lighting, contrasts, texture and colour.
In 1826 Joseph Nicephore Niepce used a cameo observura to create the first solid photograph (a negative) on silvery nitrate-coated sheet of newsprint - but the result was uncertain for several consecutive years. In 1893, his "daguerreotype" method was introduced on a commercial scale and contributed to the spread of photo technique among medium-sized businesses worldwide, especially in the field of portrait painting.
Autochrome, the first commercial colour photographic technique, was launched in 1907 and is inspired by Louis Ducos Hauron and Charles Cros inventions. These methods, however, turned out to be too costly for the general community, and it was not until the Kodachrome movie (a more accessible and faster method) was made available in 1936 that colour stills became widely available.
In 1990, the next big photographic breakthrough would take place when the first commercial Dycam Model 1 came onto the market. Besides selecting the appropriate cameras, lenses and films, the frame and timings of a photograph, a photographer can also use filtering, lighting, specific dark-room procedures and numerical enhancements (among other things, to achieve a high degree of image control).
Choice of gear and technique depends heavily on the type, personal photographic styles, and general moods or impact that the person is trying to create. For portrait and wildlife shooters who want to make a single scene (or group) the center of a picture, a large iris for low sharpness can be used to keep their subject(s) in sharp focus while maintaining a blurry backdrop.
If you are a scenicist who wants to clearly see an overall panorama, you can do the opposite. Selecting monochrome over colour gives photos a contemporary look and emphasises line, touch and sound. Selecting monochrome (or any other monotonous process) can also help to remove the eyes from items that divert from the photographer's intentional focal point.
Although some photopurists have insisted on not using any kind of improvements, many have chosen to use them to touch up flaws and improve colors, including using special effect lighting. Famous 19 th centuries photographs are Oscar Rejlander (known for his montage photos), Julia Cameron (celebrity portraits), Eadward Muybridge (Californian landscapes) and Albert Bierstadt (American western landscapes).
The early pionieers of early photographic arts contributed to establishing photograph as an artificial medium and not as a pure documentary technique. Among the well-known early 20 st centuries painters are Alfred Stieglitz (photographer and creator of one of the world's most important photographic fine arts series, Little Gallery of the Photo-Secession), Edward Weston (landscapes, still lives, acts, portraits), and Man Ray, an avant-garde artist who advocated both Dadaism and Surrealism.
Among the well-known photo journalists are Henri Cartier-Bresson, Martin Parr and Alfred Eisenstaedt. Adams and Jackson are great artists in the realm of landscapes, while Dorothea Lange, Edward Curtis, Seydou Keita, Cindy Sherman, Diane Arbus and Annie Leibovitz are well-known figures in portraiture. Among the well-known modefotographers are Richard Avedon, Helmut Newton, Herb Ritts, Mario Testino and Patrick Demarchelier.