Tem ForestTem Forest
Moderate forest vegetation
In contrast to tropic woods, moderate woods have only two levels of growth. As a rule, the highest deciduous plants have their leaves about 15-30 metres above the surface and a stratum of bushes and smaller plants underneath, about 5-10 metres. This is why the earth gets more natural sunlight than in tropic woods and the brushwood is lush: fern, moss and lichen, especially in very wet areas.
A lot of sunlight reaches the earth during growing in springs, i.e. when the leaves have not yet fully developed, and allows vegetation to develop on the earth. Later, Islophilus crops, i.e. crops that like shadow, begin to develop. They have highly effective absorption and use systems for low-intensity lighting and are therefore able to live even when the leaves cover the underlying soils.
Most important species that live in this biom are: birch, sycamore, oak, aspen, nut, linden, chestnut, birch, elm and in America bulb-tree. Bees ( Fagus selvatica) can grow up to 40 m high and have large, dome-shaped leaves. Its fruit, the so-called beechnuts, look like hulls of chestnuts, but its spines do not sting because they are soft and round.
It is widespread in Middle and Western Europe, where it is mainly used for the production of wood. Not only are they very useful (furniture, park, railroad ties, cellulose), they are also often used as decorative tree. It grows fast, likes clean and moist soil and can be up to 25-30 m high.
Oak tree (Quercus spp.) is a tree or shrub that can grow up to 40 m high. It is widely distributed in mountainous areas (Mexico, Himalayas, Indonesia), in the Mediterranean climate (California, Mediterranean) and in moderate climate zones (North America, Asia, Europe). Espen (Populus tremula) are medium-sized plants that can grow up to 25 m high.
Spread over Central Europe, they are less common in Western Europe. Juglas Regia (walnut trees) are large structures that can grow up to 20 m high. The ovarian walls surrounding the nuts become succulent when ripe, with a lush part ( "shell") of flesh that, when dried, reveals its wooden rock ("walnut") containing an eatable, fatty nut.
walnut is a common tree everywhere as a source of fruits and valuable wood used to make furnishings; it is cultivated for production in moderate areas: the main walnut-producing nation is the United States. Linden (Tilia cordata) are nice, even trunks that can grow up to 30 meters high.
Tilia Platyphyilis is one of the most frequent lindens. Limestone can be found in deciduous forests, shrubs, sandy hillsides and cliffs, along shores in the mountains and foothills of Central Europe, and is less abundant in Western Europe. Linden is often used for shading city roads, for decorating park and garden.
Casanea sativa (chestnut trees) are large, 20-30 metre long mature structures. When a peel yields only one piece of produce, this very large and spheroidal produce is referred to as "chestnut". The birch (Betula pendula) comes from Europe and Southeast Asia. Birch is widely distributed in Europe, where it reaches a parallel of 65 degrees N and Sicily Sutherly.
On their own or in small groups, they thrive in undulating and barren mountain forests as well as in deciduous and pine forests. It is used as an ornamental tree because of its elegance and the color of its cortex and foliage. Ulmus ( Ulmus carpinifolia) come from North Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia.
It is a plant of ultimate origin and can grow up to 30 meters high.