Who made the web

{\pos(192,210)}Who made the web?

Vint Cerf clarifies the record. Whose inventions were the first? Like you would expect from such an expanding and constantly evolving industry, it is not possible to count the invention of the web toward a lone one. It was the work of a dozen groundbreaking researchers, developers and technologists who each invented new functions and techniques, which finally formed the "information highway" we know today.

Well before the actual development of technologies for the creation of the Web, many researchers had predicted the emergence of global information clusters. However, the first handy circuit diagrams for the web did not reach the public until the early 1960', when MIT's J.C.R. Licklider popularised the concept of an "intergalactic network" of computer systems.

Soon thereafter, computer specialists devised the idea of "packet switching", a process for the effective transmission of electrical information that would later become one of the most important components of the Internets. ARPANET or the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network were founded in the early 1960' with the first functional prototypes of the Internets.

Initially financed by the US Department of Defense, ARPANET used package brokerage to enable more than one computer to talk over a unified wireless LAN. Technological growth began in the seventies after Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf invented the Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), a communication protocol that sets the standard for transferring information between different types of networking.

From ARPANET, which took over TCP/IP on 1 January 1983, scientists began to build the "Network of Networks", which became the state-of-the-art Web. Although it is often mistaken for the web itself, the web is actually only the most frequent means of access to information on-line in the shape of web sites and hypertext links.

As the Web contributed to popularizing the Web to the general population, it has been a decisive factor in the development of the huge amount of information that most of us are accessing every day today.

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