Wp ForestForest Wp
It will be analysed whether the current forest status is the outcome of sustained or nonsustainable forest cultivation and whether agricultural forest regimes can be a useful choice as an alternatives to agricultural and forestry monoculture. Based on these analysis we develop strategies for sustainability and multi-functional forest landscape. While this will help to address global forest-policy concerns aimed at the conservation of forests through the sustained use of forest resource use, it will also help to improve the quality of forest use.
SS 4 "Forest complexities modelling".
ObjectivesThe ecological, socioeconomic importance of the forest is undisputed. Against this background, we have gathered pertinent information on the functioning of the forest and the response to changes in the environment on many different geographical levels. At present, however, we do not have suitable instruments to incorporate this existing know-how and to make reliable and precise forecasts about further changes in forest structures and functions in the case of further changes in the environment.
There is a need for new approach and modeling tool that can handle the large number of process that interact on different levels of space and time. Elaborate modeling techniques have been developed to tackle the complexity of these interaction mechanisms, which usually use a mixture of random and deterministic function to model these interrelations.
In addition, many nature phenomenon (fire, timber etc.) could be better described with the help of the instruments and techniques of complexities research. Computational complexities provide a unified frame for understanding and analysing processes of forest ecosystem functioning and governance. To ( 1 ) increase hands-on know-how and understanding of intricate forest ecosystem dynamics; 2 ) create new ways to design and forecast the impact of forest alternatives policies; 3 ) educate high quality staff to use and enhance research toolkits for forest complexities; and 4 ) ensure know-how sharing from academic research to policy making bodies accountable for forest areas, be it governmental, industrial or environment NGOs.
To model the three-dimensional dynamic of the forest. The most recent development in space model design has shifted towards the development of mechanistic paradigms that aim to project the dynamic of speciation distributions by incorporating environmental mechanism into different types of model such as integral projection model or hybrids speciation model. Using these methodologies, we will transfer different datasets from Europe and Canada to investigate forecasted forest trends in responding to global warming.
The results of such conceptual simplicity but mathematical complexity could be likened to other modeling techniques available at CEF. Integral modeling of changes in the countryside in reaction to concurrent factors and disruptions of changes in the world. Our efforts will concentrate on the most important driving forces for the environment - namely climatic changes, land-use changes, forestry and fire extinguishing systems.
Building on earlier research and project work in both Mediterranean and mountainous and moderate and borehole mineral environments, we will examine the bibliography and, if necessary, add new information to provide information on the parameterisation and development of conceptional and scenic landscapes of potential changes. Humane activity has altered and further altered the nature and nature of forest ecosystems and thus their ability to sustain or react to disturbance.
Northern and Southern European forest represent a completely different story of anthropogenic extraction and thus represent a suitable research paradigm to analyse the interactions between both components: intensities of anthropogenic use and disruption reactions. Within the current framework of international transition, an appreciation of this relation is crucial to predict how it will impact forest resources in the foreseeable future, and what impact it may have on the goods and processes they offer.
While important progress has been made in understanding the forest responses to major disruptions (i.e. disastrous forest fires), the roles of small disruptions remain uncertain (particularly in southern Europe ), although their importance for the dynamism of forest eco-systems in upland areas is not clear.
i) Selection of forest with varying degrees of forest exploitation activities but with similar environmental features, ii) Analysis of the small disruption roles for the forest dynamic (characterisation of forest compositions and structures of regeneration) and evaluation of the key drivers (disturbance effects, stance structure,...) modulating this reaction.